messages according to Kyrgyz Presidents Office, to promote the "Russia - Kazakhstan - Kyrgyzstan - Tajikistan" railway construction projects, September 25 The Prime Minister will hold a meeting in Astana. The project pre-feasibility study report is being prepared.
reported that the project is determined by Kyrgyzstan in May 2013, "Collective Security Treaty Organization," an informal summit in Bishkek proposed, the implementation of the project will help to open up the country destined for China through Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Irans exports.
2013 in the first half of Kyrgyzstan
a socio-economic profiles, macroeconomic
According to the State Statistics Committee of Kyrgyzstan
data published in 2013 from January to June Kyrgyz GDP 133.88 billion soms (about $ 2.79 billion), representing an increase of 7.9 percent over the same period in 2012, mainly due to "library Mutuo Er "gold mine to resume production, led the overall economic growth. Excluding "Kumtor" gold mine output, Kyrgyzstans GDP was 124.1 billion soms (about $ 2.58 billion), an increase of only 5.5%. The same period, per capita GNP Kyrgyzstan Som approximately 24,700 (about $ 514), an increase of 5.8%.
2013 the first half of the Kyrgyz GDP deflator rose by 4.6%, the consumer price index (CPI) rose 7.8%, the producer price index (PPI) rose 2%.
2013 January to June, Kyrgyzstan industrial output value of 62.81 billion soms (about $ 1.31 billion), an increase of 18.4%. Growth was mainly due to "Kumtor" gold mine production recovery generated leading role, and metal and non-metal products, electrical equipment, electronic and optical instruments, such as production increases. Excluding "Kumtor" gold mine output value, then the first half of 2013 industrial output value of 38.12 billion Kyrgyz som (about $ 790 million), an increase of only 3.2%.
industrial output divided into three categories: 1, plus industrial output value of 48.63 billion soms (about 1.01 billion U.S. dollars), up 25.5%, accounting for 77.4% of total industrial output value; 2, the energy sector (electric water production and allocation) output value of 12.14 billion soms (about $ 250 million), down 0.7%, accounting for 19.3% of total industrial output value; 3, the mining industry output value of 2.04 billion soms (about $ 040 million), an increase of 3.4 percent, accounting for 3.3% of total industrial output value.
Ji Quanguo run industrial enterprises, the average load rate of 50.8%, the maximum loading rate for the non-metallic mineral products plant (59%), the lowest rate for the mechanical load plant (27.2%).
2013 January to June, Ji Guonong industry output value of 46.25 billion soms (about $ 960 million), an increase of 1.9 percent, maintaining the trend of slow growth in recent years, mainly rely on livestock production growth, as well as potatoes, vegetables and other food crops harvested. Among them, the livestock industry accounts for approximately 82.3%, farming, forestry and related services each accounted for 15.3%, 0.2% and 2.1% respectively. Ji Quanguo cities in seven states, higher agricultural output of Chu oblast (10.61 billion soms), Osh oblast (9.26 billion soms) and Jalal-Abad oblast (8.43 billion soms), respectively, accounting for about output 23%, 20% and 18.3%.
present, Ji Quanguo has completed the planting of crops in 2013, the total planted area of 1.17 million hectares, an increase of 0.4%. Where winter crops 218,000 hectares (14% increase), spring crops, 681,000 ha (4.2% decrease), other types of crops planted in previous years, 271,000 hectares (2.9% increase). In all planted crops, food crops, 58.8 million hectares, accounting for 50% of the total, an increase of 3.4%; while most other types of crop acreage has decreased: Potatoes 81,000 hectares, down 1.3%; oilseeds 5.2 million hectares, down 7.8 percent; vegetables 44,000 hectares, down 2.7 percent; 23,000 hectares of cotton, down 24.3%. As the weather conditions were better, this years crop harvest earlier than in previous years, has begun, but still faces harvesters, tractors and gasoline, diesel and other serious shortage problem.
same period, the development of good animal husbandry Kyrgyzstan, as the keeper of livestock and poultry increased, both by growth in all kinds of products, including poultry meat production 163,000 tons (1.4%), milk production 649,000 tons (growth 2%), egg production 220 million (4.5%), wool production 11,000 tons (2.5% increase).
2013 January to June, Kyrgyz construction output was 18.5 billion soms (about $ 390 million), an increase of 15%.
the same period, investment in fixed assets of 20 billion soms (about $ 420 million), an increase of 6.1%. Among them, the domestic investment of 15.24 billion soms (1.9%), mainly national and local governments, businesses and institutional funds, bank loans, etc.; foreign investment was 4.76 billion soms (up 22%), mainly from foreign aid, loans and foreign direct investment. Fixed asset investment inflows accounted for the major industries and the mining industry (26.5%), processing industry (17.4%), transportation and communication sector (8.2%), and water production and distribution of electrical (5.1%).
Among them, the mining industry, transport and communications sector investment in fixed assets, respectively, representing a decrease of 11.6% and 16.6%; investment amount for the processing industry grew by 120%, of which 79.6% come from foreign loans, mainly for investment petroleum products, food production and so on.
2013 In the first half, the Kyrgyz domestic residential construction investment reached 6.09 billion soms (about $ 130 million), an increase of 29%. The same period, 4,116 completed residential units, with a total area of 418,000 square meters, an increase of 35%, mainly concentrated in the city of Bishkek (36.2% of the total), Osh oblast (14.3%), Chu oblast (12.6%) and Jalal-Abad oblast (11.5%).
Currently, the construction of individual homes Kyrgyzstan domestic average price per square meter to 11,400 soms (about $ 238), which the city is 12,700 som, 10000 Somme countryside. The most expensive in the capital city of Bishkek is 15,400 soms (about $ 321), the most expensive states in the Batken 6900 soms (about $ 144).
2013 January to June, the Kyrgyz domestic services industry is 173 billion soms (about $ 3.6 billion), an increase of 8.3%. By object points, of which about 70% of the service is available to the general population; by type, of which approximately 72% of the services the automotive and commodities trade and repair; geographical points, including 54% of the volume of services in Biche Keck City.
Kyrgyzstan services growth is the main driving force communications (up 18.3%), health and social services (11.2%), hotels and restaurants (9.7%), cars and commodities trade and repairs (8.1%), etc. rapid growth.
six, transport, communications
2013 January to June, a total of 18.496 million tons cargo Kyrgyzstan, an increase of 6.1%, of which 96% of motor transport, 3% for the railway transport.
a total of 297 million passenger trips, an increase of 2.8%, of which 93.7% is bus transportation, 3.2% and 2.9%, respectively, trolleybus and taxi transportation.
communications services operators to provide total 11.53 billion soms (about $ 240 million), an increase of 18.3%. Wherein the mobile communications services accounted for 82.6%, the Internet accounted for 6.9%, 2.7% Post.
seven, currency exchange rates
2013 January to June, the Kyrgyz major domestic commercial banks to pay fuel, automobiles, metals and other commodities import contracts in foreign currency demand, causing the dollar against the Somme from the official parity increased to 1:49.0309 1:47.3868 , som depreciated by 3.47% against the U.S. dollar.
2013 January to June, the average U.S. dollar exchange rate of 1:48.01 Somme.
eight state finance (January-May)
2013 January to May, the Kyrgyz implementation of the national budget surplus 3.49 billion soms (about 72.61 million U.S. dollars), accounting for 3.3% of GDP, compared to implementation of the national budget deficit reached 2.36 billion soms .
same period, the national fiscal revenue of 39.64 billion soms (about $ 826 million), up 18%, accounting for 37.1% of GDP. Fiscal revenue, 68.2% of tax revenues, non-tax revenue accounted for 23.3%, received transfer payments accounted for 8.5%. Revenue growth of 18% VAT is the main reason, international trade, income tax and other taxes increased significantly.
same period, the state financial expenditure was 36.16 billion soms (about $ 750 million), an increase of 0.6%, accounting for 33.8% of GDP. Major expenditure items include: social security, education, health care, defense and so on.
nine, foreign trade (January-May)
2013 January-May, the Kyrgyz foreign trade amounted to $ 2.707 billion, an increase of 8.1%. Kyrgyzstan exports of $ 540 million, down 7.9%; Among them, exports to the CIS countries fell 6.5 percent, exports outside the CIS fell 9.5%. Kyrgyzstan imports amounted to 2.167 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 13%; Among them, the imports from CIS countries increased by 16%, imports from countries outside the CIS increased by 9.2%. Kyrgyzstans foreign trade deficit amounted to $ 1.627 billion, an increase of 22.2 percent, while imports reached exports four times.
Kyrgyz business partner of 127 countries, 76 export countries Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyzstan import sources state 120. Trade with CIS countries accounted for 52.8% of total foreign trade guitar. Kyrgyzstans top five trading partners are Russia ($ 811 million), China ($ 432 million) and Kazakhstan ($ 351 million), Switzerland ($ 179 million) and Uzbekistan ($ 116 million).
Kyrgyzstan main export countries are: Switzerland (31.6% of the total), Kazakhstan (24.1%), Uzbekistan (13.1%), Russia (10.5%) and Turkey (3.8%). Main export commodities: gold, kerosene, clothing, vegetables, inorganic chemicals, tires and car accessories.
Kyrgyzstan main source of imports are: Russia (34.8% of the total), China (19.4%), Kazakhstan (10.2%), Germany (3.9%), Turkey (3.4%) and Japan (3.3%). Main import commodities: cars, gasoline, diesel fuel, clothing, medicines, wheat and so on.
ten, the social sphere
As of June 2013, the Kyrgyz existing economic entities 565,000, an increase of 7.7%. Of which 98% are private actors, state and municipal body each 1%; addition, 65.4% of the body engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, 16.7% were engaged in trade and repair of motor vehicles and daily necessities, 5.5% in transport and communications.
Ji Quanguo total population of 570.4 million, an increase of 0.7% compared with the beginning. Registered unemployed population of 5.99 million, down 6.7 percent, occupy 2.4% of the population working capacity.
Kyrgyz companies and institutions employing the average monthly wage of 10,829 soms (about $ 226), an increase of 5.2%. Geographical points, Bishkek city the nations highest average wage, up to 14,402 soms (about $ 300); Osh lowest, only 7,500 soms (about $ 156). Press the field of financial and insurance practitioners highest average wage, up to 24,200 soms (about $ 504); Agriculture and Forestry practitioners lowest average wage for 5281 som (about $ 110).